Installing Linux on Sony Vaio PCG-V505BX Laptop

Installing Linux on Sony Vaio PCG-V505BX Laptop

Configuration of Sony PCG-V505BX

  • No Floppy Drive
  • Windows XP
  • Three partitions – Compaq Recovery, C: and D:

What’s so different?

It has three partitions two of which are ntfs. So I needed to resize them without damaging the pre-installed Windows XP. I had to do it using ntfsresize. So I used Knoppix to run Linux off a CD and run the program. Then I used the Red Hat installer’s utility to create partitions after ntfsresize created some extra space. I installed Linux. Then the lilo boot loader needed some tweaking. So I had to use Knoppix again and mount the root and make changes and run /sbin/lilo in to make those changes effective in the install and not Knoppix’s files in RAM.

Installing Red Hat Linux 8.0

1. Download ‘Knoppix – Linux on a CD’ ISO image on some other Linux computer
2. Burn the ISO image onto the CDROM using cdrecord

% cdrecord -scanbus
Cdrecord 2.0 (i686-pc-linux-gnu) Copyright (C) 1995-2002 J�rg Schilling
Using libscg version 'schily-0.7'
scsibus0:
	0,0,0	  0) 'Sony    ' 'MSC-U03         ' '2.00' Removable Disk
	0,1,0	  1) *
	0,2,0	  2) *
	0,3,0	  3) *
	0,4,0	  4) *
	0,5,0	  5) *
	0,6,0	  6) *
	0,7,0	  7) *
scsibus1:
	1,0,0	100) 'MATSHITA' 'UJDA745 DVD/CDRW' '1.00' Removable CD-ROM
	1,1,0	101) *
	1,2,0	102) *
	1,3,0	103) *
	1,4,0	104) *
	1,5,0	105) *
	1,6,0	106) *
	1,7,0	107) *

% cdrecord -v speed=2 dev=0,0,0 -data knoppix.iso

3. Defragment the C: and D: drive in Windows XP
4. Boot the Sony laptop using the Knoppix CDROM we just created
5. Use ‘ntfsresize’ to resize the partitions

$ ntfsresize -i /dev/hda1
ntfsresize v1.7.1
NTFS volume version: 3.1
Cluster size       : 512 bytes
Current volume size: 5000937472 bytes (5001 MB)
Current device size: 5000937984 bytes (5001 MB)
Checking filesystem consistency ...
100.00 percent completed
Accounting clusters ...
Space in use       : 3637 MB (72.7%)
Calculating smallest shrunken size supported ...
You could resize at 4406213120 bytes or 4407 MB (freeing 594 MB).

I left this partition alone!

$ ntfsresize -i /dev/hda2
ntfsresize v1.7.1
NTFS volume version: 3.1
Cluster size       : 4096 bytes
Current volume size: xxx bytes (xxx MB)
Current device size: xxx bytes (19488 MB)
Checking filesystem consistency ...
100.00 percent completed
Accounting clusters ...
Space in use       : 5884 MB (58.8%)
Calculating smallest shrunken size supported ...
You could resize at 8810516480 bytes or 8811 MB (freeing 1189 MB).

I resized this partition which is C: and /dev/hda3 which is D:

$ ntfsresize -n -s 10000M /dev/hda2

$ ntfsresize -s 10000M /dev/hda2
Current volume size: 9999994880 bytes (10000 MB)
Current device size: 16113323520 bytes (16114 MB)

$ ntfsresize -n -s 10000M /dev/hda3

$ ntfsresize -s 10000M /dev/hda2
Current volume size: 3999993853 bytes (4000 MB)
Current device size: 18885210624 bytes (18886 MB)

7. I booted using the Red Hat Linux 8.0 installation CDROM
7. I choose USB 3 Button Mouse
8. I used the fdisk mode to create partitions. Partitions looked liked this:

hda1	1	608	12	Compaq Diagnostics
hda2	609	2567	7	NTFS/HPFS
	2568	4863	f
hda3	2568    4863	7	NTFS/HPFS

I deleted and created new partitions like this:

d			// delete
	3		// partition 3
d
	2
d
	1
n			// new
	1		// primary
	1		// start
	608		// end
t			// type of partition
	1		// partition number
	12		// Compaq Diagnostics
n
	2
	609
	+10000m		// 10000MB partition
t			// type of partition
	2		// partition number
	7		// NTFS
n
	3
	1884
	+512m
t
	3
	82		// linux swap
n
	4
	1950
	4863
n
	l
	1950
	+2000m
t
	5
	83		// linux
n
	l
	2568
	+4000m		// if i remember right
t
	6
	7		// NTFS
n
	l
	3078
	+12000m		// if i remember right
t
	7
	83		// linux
n
	l
	3078
	4863
t
	8
	83		// linux

Now Partitions looked like this:

hda1	1	608	12	Compaq Diagnostics
hda2	609	1883	7	NTFS/HPFS
hda3	1884	1949	82	Linux Swap
hda4	2568    4863	f
hda5	2568	3077	83	Linux
hda6	3078	xxxx	7	NTFS/HPFS
hda7	xxxx	yyyy	83	Linux
hda8	yyyy	4863	83	Linux

9. Then I installed Linux

hda1	Compaq Diagnostics
hda2	C: NTFS/HPFS
hda3	Linux Swap
hda5	/junk ext3
hda6	D: NTFS/HPFS
hda7	/ ext3
hda8	/winux vfat

10. I again rebooted using Knoppix
11. Then I updated the lilo.conf. My working lilo.conf looks like this

% mount /mnt/hda7
% more /mnt/hda7/etc/lilo.conf
prompt
timeout=50
default=DOS
boot=/dev/hda
map=/boot/map
install=/boot/boot.b
message=/boot/message
lba32

image=/boot/vmlinuz-2.4.18-14
	label=linux
	initrd=/boot/initrd-2.4.18-14.img
	read-only
	append="hdc=ide-scsi root=LABEL=/"

other=/dev/hda2
	optional
	label=DOS
	table=/dev/hda
% cd /
% rm -rf /boot
% rm -rf /etc/lilo.conf
% ln -s /mnt/hda7/boot /boot
% ln -s /mnt/hda7/etc/lilo.conf /etc/lilo.conf
% lilo -v

12. Reboot and we are good to go!



Dinker Charak

Dinker has over a decade of experience in building products across diverse domains as Industrial Automation, Home Automations, Operating Systems, High Energy Particle Physics, Embedded Systems, Online Video Advertising, Messaging, K-12 education and Private Banking. He also founded Gungroo Software. His books #ProMa, Absolute and None & The Murmurs of the Dawn are available on Amazon.
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